When most U.S. pest administration professionals (PMPs) assume “mattress bug management,” their minds have a tendency to emphasise the management, the killing of as many specimens of Cimex lectularius as attainable. Whereas there are mattress bug repellents commercially accessible for baggage, for instance, the general public shouldn’t be as a lot within the mindset of repelling mattress bugs as it’s for repelling mosquitoes.
Current findings from researchers on the German Setting Company may change that, nonetheless. The group, which revealed its findings within the Journal of Financial Entomology, studied how 5 repellent varieties affected mattress bug repellency when the bugs had been searching for shelter vs. searching for meals. The repellents had been cinnamon oil, diethyltoluamide (DEET), icaridin, margosa extract, and permethrin.
For the harborage take a look at, notes an article from the Entomological Society of America’s (ESA’s) EntomologyToday.org web site, “two shelters [one untreated, one repellent-treated] made from filter papers mendacity on high of one another had been positioned in a crystallizing dish. The mattress bugs had been launched in the midst of the dish and allowed to decide on a harborage. The second system was a barrier take a look at, through which mattress bugs had been attracted by carbon dioxide and warmth (simulating a attainable bloodmeal) to stroll throughout filter papers handled with the repellents. On this take a look at, mattress bugs had been launched in a transparent acrylic cylinder out of a kitchen towel paper bag, appearing as a harborage. The bugs may keep there or crawl to a steel container emitting warmth and carbon dioxide. On the best way, they needed to cross filter paper handled with a repellent.”
There have been “vital” variations between harborage and barrier checks, the article stories:
“Repellency general was a lot decrease within the barrier checks than the harborage checks, with the only exception of DEET, which repelled 97 p.c of mattress bugs 24 hours after utility. For the harborage checks, DEET and icaridin confirmed excessive repellency, and even cinnamon oil confirmed at the least 99 p.c repellency of mattress bugs 24 hours after utility.”
However earlier than you escape the cinnamon sticks, notice that within the barrier/meals take a look at, one other sudden end result emerged, in accordance with the analysis paper: “Considerably extra females crossed the repellent than male mattress bugs. Feminine mattress bugs are purported to be chargeable for mattress bug dispersal as a result of they have an inclination to cover in new harborages and go away shelters extra usually for host and harborage searching for. The upper tolerance in opposition to repellents reveals that efficacy testing must be carried out with each sexes.”