Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen (1944-2022), proven right here subsequent to a UC Davis almond tree, shared his experience on honey bee well being for many years with the Almond Board of California. (Picture by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
The Almond Board of California (ABC) simply introduced that registration is now underway for its fiftieth annual Almond Convention, set Dec. 6-8 on the SAFE Credit score Union Conference Middle in downtown Sacramento.
It is a gathering of oldsters from each the almond and bee industries and past. See the agenda overview.
The late UC Cooperative Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen (1944-2022), based mostly within the UC Davis Division of Entomology and Nematology, was closely concerned in honey bee well being points within the almond business even after he retired as emeritus in 2014. He shared his experience with the almond business, spoke at their conferences and all the time seemed ahead to almond pollination season, which often begins round Feb. 14.
ABC is a self-described “chief within the honey bee well being dialog, partnering with greater than 20 organizations to assist bee well being together with universities, authorities businesses, nonprofits and beekeeping teams.” That features the College of California, Davis.
It is not simply bees–or the dearth of bees–that ABC worries about. Pests akin to leaffooted bugs and brown marmorated stink bugs draw their ire. UC Cooperative Extension specialist Jhalendra Rijal and two colleagues, writing in a 2021 version of the Journal of Built-in Pest Administration, wrote concerning the “Biology, Ecology and Administration of Hemipteran Pests in Almond Orchards in the US.”
Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen (1944-2022) along with his award from the Almond Board of California. (Picture by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
California, after all, is the biggest producer of almond nuts on the planet, and almond is essentially the most produced tree nut crop globally “with complete manufacturing exceeding 1.3 million metric tons (INC 2020),” Rijal and his co-authors wrote. “Not less than 60 species of insect pests assault almonds worldwide.”
Scores of college scientists work with ABC on numerous pests, together with UC Davis distinguished professor and researcher Frank Zalom of the Division of Entomology and Nematology. He is an Honorary Member of the Entomological Affiliation of America, (the very best ESA honor), and a previous president of the 7000-member group.
Concerning honey bees, ABC engages with universities, authorities businesses, nonprofits, and others “to make sure that honey bees are pleased, wholesome, and secure whereas they go to almond orchards,” based on its web site. The group posted this in 2018: “Since honey bee well being was made a strategic analysis precedence of Almond Board of California (ABC) in 1995, the California Almond group has dedicated $2.6 million by 113 analysis initiatives to deal with the 5 main components impacting honey bee health–varroa mites, pest and illness administration, genetic variety, pesticide publicity, and entry to forage and diet. The California Almond group has funded extra honey bee well being analysis than another crop group, and in 2017, six new bee analysis research have been funded, with a dedication of almost $300,000 to enhancing honey bee well being.”
ABC established Honey Bee Finest Administration Practices (BMPs) for California Almonds to “present key suggestions to everybody concerned within the pollination course of, from the beekeeper to the almond farmer and everybody in between, to make the orchard a secure and welcoming place for honey bees, whereas balancing the necessity to defend the growing crop.”
“The Bee BMPs have garnered reward from main bee well being specialists akin to College of California, Davis Apiculturist Emeritus Dr. Eric Mussen and been held up for instance for different crops to comply with.”
In 2014, Mussen acquired a plaque, with an engraved clock, from ABC for 38 years of service. In presenting him with the coveted award, Robert “Bob” Curtis, then affiliate director of Agricultural Affairs, ABC, stated: “Eric, we honor your service as a Cooperative Extension Apicultural Specialist. Your management has been invaluable to each the almond and beekeeping communities because the authoritative and trusted supply for steering on analysis, technical, and sensible downside fixing and points dealing with each industries. Even now in your retirement you have got been instrumental within the growth of Honey Bee Finest Administration Practices for Almonds and increasing this info to all pollination stakeholders.”
Throughout his years as a Extension apiculturist, Mussen served as a college liaison, Scientific Advisory Board member, reviewer of analysis proposals and a delegated speaker (consultant).