Simon “Niels” Groen
“Scientists now perceive how sure animals can feed on picturesque, orange monarch butterflies, that are crammed from head to stomach with milkweed plant toxins.
“In excessive sufficient concentrations, milkweed can kill a horse, or a human. To have the ability to eat this plant, monarchs developed a set of bizarre mobile mutations. New UC Riverside analysis exhibits the animals that prey on monarchs additionally developed these similar mutations.
“A Present Biology journal article, printed Nov. 22, 2021, describes the analysis that exposed these mutations in 4 sorts of monarch predators — a hen, a mouse, a parasitic wasp, and a worm.” —EurekAlert.
The main creator of that analysis article, evolutionary biologist Simon “Niels” Groen, an assistant professor at UC Riverside, will talk about “Plant Toxins and the Evolution of Host-Parasite Interactions” when he presents a seminar to the UC Davis Division of Entomology and Nematology at 4:10 p.m., Wednesday, Feb. 2 in 122 Briggs Corridor.
“Crops work together with extremely numerous teams of animals together with plant-feeding bugs and nematodes in addition to their pure enemies,” Groen says on this summary. “These interactions are influenced by poisonous defensive chemical compounds that crops make. In my speak, I’ll deal with how crops developed variation in manufacturing of those defensive chemical compounds and the way animal parasites in flip developed mechanisms enabling them to deal with such toxins.”
Groen, who joined the UC Riverside school in July 2021 following his postdoctoral analysis place (2014 to 2021) within the Noah Whiteman laboratory, Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, College of Arizona, focuses his analysis on “understanding molecular mechanisms of adaptation within the context of species interactions and fluctuating environmental circumstances.”
A local of the Netherlands, he acquired his bachelor’s diploma and masters diploma in biology from Wageningen College, Netherlands, and his doctorate in plant sciences from the College of Cambridge, UK.
Groen served as a visiting researcher from 2007 to 2008 within the Division of Multi-Trophic Interactions, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, and as a visiting researcher from 2008 to 2012 within the Division of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard College.
“Rising up in The Netherlands, I grew to become fascinated with crops and their responses to ever-changing environmental circumstances whereas working as a ‘ziekzoeker’ in tulip fields exterior of faculty hours,” he writes in an creator profile on the American Society of Plant Biologists web site. The location featured him as the primary creator of “Evolutionary Techniques Biology Reveals Patterns of Rice Adaptation to Drought-Susceptible Agro-Ecosystems,” printed Nov. 15, 2021 within the journal Plant Cell.
“A ‘ziekzoeker’ appears for diseased crops and I searched specifically for variegated white and pink tulips–the ones you’d acknowledge from a golden-age Dutch nonetheless life portray,” Groen associated. “I realized how these tulips are contaminated with an aphid-transmitted virus and through my PhD within the group of John Carr on the College of Cambridge, I’d additional examine the molecular mechanisms of how virus infections would change plant interactions with aphids and pollinators. I used to be gripped by the position that plant defensive chemical compounds play in shaping species interactions and I continued to check these as a postdoc with Noah Whiteman on the College of Arizona and the College of California, Berkeley.’
On the creator web page, he chronicled his earlier work on the interactions between milkweeds and the monarch butterfly “and discovered how the monarch developed resistance to the cardenolide toxins that milkweeds make. Whereas this work largely revolved round a single gene of enormous impact, usually a number of or many genes are concerned in organisms’ evolutionary responses. As a Gordon and Betty Moore Basis fellow within the group of Michael Purugganan at New York College, I realized in regards to the newest developments in evolutionary genomics and programs biology whereas investigating patterns of pure choice on gene expression in rice populations that we grew underneath moist and dry discipline circumstances with our collaborators on the Worldwide Rice Analysis Institute in The Philippines.”
“The present paper (Plant Cell) is a end result of this analysis,” Groen associated. “We discovered that underneath discipline drought rice crops don’t simply reply to modifications in water availability, but in addition to concomitant modifications in abundance of soil microbes that they work together with. As assistant professor within the Division of Nematology on the College of California, Riverside, I’ll proceed to check rice and milkweed in addition to crops from the nightshade household and have a look at the advanced evolutionary tug-of-war between these crops and parasitic nematodes. Combining laboratory and discipline experiments, we’ll zoom in on the central position that plant chemical compounds play through the use of approaches from evolutionary and programs biology like those we describe in our paper.”
Nematologist Shahid Siddique, assistant professor within the Division of Entomology and Nematology, coordinates the winter quarter seminars. He could also be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org for any technical points involving the Zoom connection.